Starts with the premise the Bible was intended to be read as is and
understood as is while allowing for Genres, (such as poetic,
narrative, parables, and Apocalyptic language.) as a way
of communicating truth. The Bible is first to be understood
literally (not woodenly) until the language demonstrates that it is
using a figure of speech. Figures of speech, such
as metaphors, analogies, ellipsis, and Idioms., are to be
understood as a means of communicating truth. Because of the Literal
, the spiritual exists, but never contradicts the literal. Concerning prophecy, the
Bible uses "apocalyptic" language to describe real events man
experiences not "spiritual" events.
There are eight rules to follow for communication to be achieved and how these rules are applied is critical.
1. Definition 2. Usage 3. Context 4. Historical Background 5. Logic 6. Precedent 7. Unity 8: Inference
- We are not allowed to change definition of words to make it fit our belief system.
- We must recognize that words are used in different ways to mean different things.
- Context is the passage in which the word is used and how it is used that creates consistency of the whole Bible.
- The historical background is insight into the culture and nature of who the book was written to.
- Precedent demands there is nothing new under the sun.
- Unity defines the understanding of consistency, the Bible does not contradict its self.
- Any passage has a literal meaning and can also infer truth that what was not directly stated.
A Great resource for doing Exegesis (the process of applying Hermeneutics to come to an interpretation) Is Gordon Fee's "New Testament Exegesis". Exegesis is always interpretation from the Greek or Hebrew language never from an English translation. It demands one must know "some" Greek grammar.